Published in 1945, George Orwell's satirical novel Animal Farm is in fact an allegory and a critique of the Stalinist Soviet Union, and in a broader context, it explores how an initially beautiful and noble idea can degenerate into a total dictatorship. Could we predict in advance what are the precursors that will lead to the construction of such a system? Can we detect these signs that precede revolutions in the way secret organizations are managed, meetings are held, marches sung in secret or by the features of certain characters? The victory of the "revolution" brings forth the most glorious era: the economy is booming, in the context of abundance everyone receives double rations, participates in democratic rallies, makes common decisions, commemorates the glorious fight against man, the security of all being ensured by the seven commands agreed upon by everyone. In parallel, however, the ideal of equality is distorted as pigs come to power. They are beginning to enjoy more and more privileges in various fields: they learn to read and write, they are the ones who receive the milk, they do not work, but "lead"; the meetings disappear, "history" and the laws are reformed according to their own will. As such, Orwell asks the following question: could social equality be actually achieved or will there always be a need for someone who works and someone else who leads?
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Union des Théâtres de l'Europe gathered, in the last 3 decades, some of the most important European theatres and artists. Through festivals, exhibitions, exchanges, masterclasses, cooperation projects, the UTE help create a continuous flow between West and East, between generations, between tradition and innovation. Our celebration is inspired by this rich history. With the help of the Interferences International Theatre Festival, we wish to remember some of the best performances presented at past editions of the UTE festival and look forward to new horizons.